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VOA 영자신문
▶In Europe, Businesses Push Carmakers to Share Driver Data (2022-05-17)
Cars are collecting more information about how people drive and what they are doing while they drive.
The cars gather information about the music their drivers listen to and their good and bad driving habits.
More cars with computer processors and internet connections are getting on the road. The data they collect is valuable to car manufacturers and also information technology companies.
In Europe, European Commission officials are reportedly calling for rules about how car makers should make information available to others in the car business.
For example, car repair shops, insurance companies, and leasing companies all want information collected from drivers. But in some cases, large car makers seem unsure about sharing that data with other companies.
One critic said the car makers are “gatekeepers” who will make money by charging others for access. If they charge too much, they will restrict competition. Independent repair shops, for example, are worried that they will not be able to fix cars if they cannot look at the information stored by a car’s computer. Instead, drivers will be required to go to service centers owned by the manufacturer.
Sylvia Gotzen leads a trade group called FIGIEFA which represents repair shops and car parts makers in Europe. She said car makers get the full amount of data available while businesses she represents get “crumbs.”
But European car makers say they need to protect drivers by restricting how much information they share. A spokesperson for the European Automobile Manufacturers Association said “uncontrolled access” is a safety and personal data security threat.
Stellantis, General Motors and Volkswagen are car manufacturers that plan to make money from driver data. Some will create computer programs drivers can buy.
BMW does not agree that it is restricting access. If drivers give permission, the German automaker says it can share 100 “data points,” or kinds of information, with independent organizations. But the FIGIEFA said today’s cars produce thousands of data points.
BMW said it would like to have a meeting organized by a group, such as the European Commission, to make a list of car data points that everyone can agree on.
The chief of Stellantis gave an example of how data from its cars can help cities become safer. He said his company can look at data created by a car’s brakes and then tell a city which intersections on its streets cause the most emergency stops. But he added that kind of research can be costly.
If the car makers permit the owners access to all the information, Gotzen of FIGIEFA said, a repair shop could access the data from an internet connection. This would save car owners time and money because tests can take a lot of time and become costly.
“All of this is technically possible right now,” she said. But she added that “car manufacturers prevent us from doing this.”
[March 22, 2022]
뉘앙스 사전
자기가 보려고 해서 긴 시간 동안 보는 건 분명 ‘watch’가 맞지만, 이게 예외적으로 사용될 때도 있어요. 아마 ‘Matrix 1’이 개봉하고 난리가 났던 때였어요. 영화를 보고 그 다음 날 학교에 가서 반 친구에게 ‘I watched Matrix 1.’이라며 자랑을 했어요. 그러자 대뜸 한다는 소리가 ‘What? Where did you download it? (뭐? 그거 어디서 다운로드했어?)’이었어요. ‘아니, 어디서 다운로드했느냐니? 얜 갑자기 웬 봉창 두드리는 소리야?’라며 어이없어했었죠. 그런데 알고 봤더니 극장에 가서 영화를 보거나 연극을 봤다고 할 때는 ‘see’를, 집에서 봤다고 할 때는 ‘watch’를 써야 하더라고요. 그래서 제가 ‘watch’를 써서 ‘영화 봤다.’고 하니까 ‘어디서 다운로드했느냐’고 물어본 거고요. 헷갈린다고요? 그런데 이건 미국 사람들도 헷갈리고 자주 틀리는 거예요. 심지어 두 단어가 어떤 차이가 있는지조차 모르는 사람들도 있고요. 한마디로 ‘watch’를 써야 할 때 ‘see’를 써서 잠시 헷갈릴 수는 있어도 말은 다 통하니 말하다가 갑자기 멈춰서 ‘I saw...watched...no, saw a movie.’라며 듣는 사람 속 터지게(?) 하는 일은 없길 바라요. ㅎㅎ Case1 A: What’re you up to now? B: Nothing special. I’m just watching TV. A: Hey, do you want to see a movie? B: Why not? A: 지금 뭐 해? B: 특별히 하는 거 없어. 그냥 TV 보는 중이야. A: 야, 영화 보러 갈래? B: 그래. * ‘Why not?’을 직역하면 ‘왜 안 되겠어?’가 되는데, 주로 ‘~하자.’라고 상대방이 제안할 때 ‘그래.’라고 대답하는 상황에서 사용함.